Fixed Effects Models

Know What You're Critiquing: The Naloxone Controversy

The worlds of machine learning and statistics, while sharing some common mathematical vocabulary, are ultimately engaged in two different enterprises. The former seeks to leverage data to yield accurate predictions about previously unseen cases, but it is less concerned about understanding the causal process by which these outcomes are generated. Statistics, as it has come to be practiced in the 21st century, is instead interested in pinning down the causal story.
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